Myopia Control

How to stop your shortsightedness getting worse over time.


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What is it?

Myopia, commonly referred to as short-sightedness, is a condition in which the eye focuses light in front of the retina instead of on the retina causing distant objects to appear blurred.

Myopia is classified as a disease, as it associated with increasing the risk of other ocular pathologies. The world council of optometry has recently changed their guidance on the minimum standard of care for people with myopia. 


Myopia is becoming more common. By the year 2050, approximately 5 billion people will be myopic. That’s 50% of the expected world population. Almost 1 billion people will have high myopia, which has an increased risk of blindness. The myopia pandemic needs to be addressed due to the economic and social burden on the population.


  • Difficulty seeing distant objects clearly
  • Accelerated increase in spectacle prescription

Associated risk factors

Odds ratio of developing associated ocular pathology correlated with magnitude of myopia


 CataractRetinal detachmentMyopic MaculopathyGlaucoma
-1.00 to -
-3.00 to -
-5.00 to -7.005.521.540.63.3
>-7.00 44.2126.8 


  • Each additional dioptre of myopia increases the risk of myopic maculopathy by 67%.
  • For every diopter of myopia saved, reduces the risk of myopic maculopathy by 40%.

What causes it?

There is no single definitive cause for myopia, although current research has highlighted a number of risk factors. 

  • Peripheral hyperopic defocus.
  • Genetics/ethnicity – East Asians show a higher prevalence of myopia. Having two myopic parents increases the risk of myopia 6 times.
  • Environmental factors/education – increased time spent indoors, especially looking at screens and shorter working distances. Not spending enough time outdoors.
  • The younger the onset of myopia the increased risk of developing high myopia

How is it treated?

Simply correcting myopia with a pair of spectacles or regular contact lenses is not enough to slow progression. There are a number of different treatments currently available.

These include:

  • Special defocus spectacle lenses
  • Corneal reshaping with OrthoKeratology contact lenses
  • Specialty defocus contact lenses and pharmaceutical eye drops.

The best course of treatment will be advised once an assessment has been completed.

Treatment Options

A more detailed look at the treatment options

What to Expect

Initial consultation

The initial consultation involves an in-depth assessment of eye health, lifestyle and habits. Your refractive error will be measured, along with binocular vision function and cycloplegic (pupil dilation) tests. Maps will be taken of your corneal shape and the length of your eyeball (axial length) will be measured. The health of the eyes will also be examined. Depending on the results – the best treatment option will be discussed.

Contact lens fitting

If contact lenses are deemed to b the best option – a fitting appointment will be booked after the initial consultation. At the contact lens fitting appointment, you will be shown how to insert, remove and care for your contact lenses.


Whichever means of correction are employed, routine after care is essential in monitoring progression of myopia. With all the information gathered over time, changes can be made to the treatment plan in order to tailor the treatment, to get the best results. When using contact lenses, regular after care is also important monitor eye health.

Frequently asked questions

How do I know if my child is myopic?

An eye examination will confirm the presence of myopia or pre-myopia. Early intervention is the most proactive approach to managing myopia. Depending on refractive error and axial length, we can accurately predict who is going to become myopic

What can I do to prevent myopia?

Currently we cannot prevent or stop myopia completely but we can slow it down. There is a large body of evidence that shows strong links between myopia development and environmental factors. Increasing time spent outdoors has been shown to be beneficial in slowing the on-set of myopia. Studies have shown that 80 to 120 minutes spent outdoors per day to be beneficial. Working distance and time spent at near has been shown to increase the rate of myopia progression. Increasing working distance and reducing the time spent on devices and screens can help.

What treatment is right for my child?

Early intervention is the best course of action. If you know or suspect that your child might be myopic, it is important to get an eye examination. We can determine refractive error and axial length (the length of the eyeball) and this will help to inform which treatment is best. Motivation of all parties involved is also a critical factor in the success of the treatment.

My child is myopic and has astigmatism, are they still suitable for treatment?

Yes. Orthokeratology, can correct astigmatism of up to -1.50 dioptres of astigmatism. Soft contact lenses, such as the NaturalVue lens, can correct astigmatism and hybrid multifocal contact lenses can correct up to -6.00 dioptres of astigmatism.



Myopia control consultation with Optometrist



OrthoK contact lenses


Monthly fee of €70 taken by direct debit

Book a consultation

Whether you still need more information or you think this is the right treatment for you, request a consultation and we’ll be able to help you from there.